Transition from the Informal to the Formal Economy Recommendation, 2015 (No. 204)

Many of StreetNet’s affiliates worked hard in preparation for the discussion at the International Labour Conference in 2014 and 2015 for the adoption of a new ILO Convention on this topic - and StreetNet delegates participated in these discussions. What did we achieve?

Overview: Good and not so good!


The Recommendation contains many of our demands. The Recommendation:

  • provides rights, protection and incentives for informal workers and recognizes the importance of a friendly legal and policy environment
  • promotes the preservation and expansion of formal jobs, with the informalization of formal jobs to be prevented.
  • applies to all workers and economic units in the informal economy: including own account workers, wage workers, domestic workers, workers in subcontracting and supply chains and members of cooperatives and social and solidarity organizations
  • recognizes public space as a workplace and provides that informal workers should have regulated access for use of public space and access to public natural resources
  • provides for freedom of association and collective bargaining for informal workers
  • provides for social protection, including extension of social insurance coverage, and occupational health and safety for informal workers
  • provides for gender equality and elimination of all forms of discrimination and violence, including gender-based violence
  • acknowledges that membership-based organizations of informal workers should be represented in tri-partite negotiations/consultations on issues affecting them
  • states that labour inspection should be extended to protect informal workers
  • recognizes that during the transition existing livelihoods should be preserved and improved
  • provides for the collection of statistics on the informal workforce


  • The crucial role of local government in implementing policies and laws for many informal workers is not spelt out. Mention is only made of “all levels of government”
  • Direct representation of informal worker MBOs in tri-partite forums is limited to being “within the ranks” of the traditional trade union delegations. It is also “according to national practice”. As most “national practices” exclude informal worker representation this might prevent change.
  • There are clauses about enforcing laws and regulations and sanctioning non-compliance. These could be used as an excuse to harass and criminalize informal workers.

Compiled by Chris Bonner, WIEGO
June 2015

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INDIA. DP is irreparable, scrap it, say activists. Times of India (10 April 2015).

TANZANIA. College plans to identify trade opportunities for hawkers. Daily News (10 April 2015)  by Ludovick Kazoka.

INDIA. No street vendors, cycle rickshaws in Lajpat Nagar market: NGT. Zee News (8 April 2015) by PTI. New Delhi:

BOTSWANA. EDD is the way to go. Mmegi Online (8 April 2015).

USA. Five Courses: Hawkers' street food flair & more. Creative Loafing Tampa Bay (8 April 2015) by Meaghan Habuda.

INDIA. Hawkers may be allowed near Rishi Kapoor, Anil Ambani's Pali Hill residences. DNA India (8 April 2015) by Amrita Nayak Dutta.

ABU-DHABI. Abu Dhabi Municipality raid scares away street hawkers. Gulf News (7 April 2015).

SINGAPORE. Hawker centres to be spruced up with murals and art installations. Channel News Asia (5 April 2015) by Vimita Mohandas.

MALAYSIA. 'Development will be inclusive'. The Star Online (3 April 2015).

INDIA. 'Street vendors denied right to livelihood'. The Hindu (1 April 2015) by K.N. Umesh.

SOUTH AFRICA. South Africa: Xenophobic Violence in KZN - 'This Is a Black Easter for Foreigners'.

SINGAPORE. Singapore street food: stewed, sliced and steamed - video.

USA. Street vendors press city to legalize their trade.

StreetNet International

StreetNet International is an alliance of street vendors. It was launched in Durban, South Africa, in November 2002.

Membership-based organizations (unions, co-operatives or associations) directly organizing street vendors, market vendors and/or hawkers among their members, are entitled to affiliate to StreetNet International.

The aim of StreetNet is to promote the exchange of information and ideas on critical issues facing street vendors, market vendors and hawkers (i.e. mobile vendors) and on practical organizing and advocacy strategies